Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is a method of treatment that uses magnetic stimulation of a specific part of your brain through a non invasive procedure to help treat a variety of mental health issues, when some other methods of treatment have failed. The TMS device outputs its energy through the use of a coil and coil generator that deliver small electric currents directly under the device through the scalp and into the brain. The first devices were originally produced in 1985 but the technology can trace its roots back to the 1700’s by using electrical stimulation of the body to observe its effects.
The FDA approved use of the TMS devices on humans in October of 2008 and research since then has shown a substantial report of succession in comparison to other forms of treatments that do not involve the use of pharmaceutical drugs. Treatments are normally 30-40 minutes in session length and are typically performed 5 days a week for a 4-6 week total for maximum benefit. The main part of the brain that gets stimulated through the magnetic waves is the prefrontal cortex, this region of the brain is essentially where a human beings whole perception of themselves and of the world is harbored.
Side effects of this treatment are low considering its efficacy rate, some people report some mild cranial pain or headaches that dissipate quickly. The machine is also fairly loud so most physicians will give ear plugs to patients to help dampen the sound. Despite the fact that this technology is fairly recent in practice most major insurance companies cover the charges associated with the treatment going to show the confidence in its use in helping people overcome varying mental health issues. TMS is safe for the majority of users, the exception being people that have any amount of metallic items present in their skull.
With the advent of modern medicine and an increase in technological endeavors, the future of mental health treatment is looking very promising heading into the future.